Exodus 20 - The Ten Commandments

  1. In introducing the Ten Commandments, God recalls what he has done for Israel (20:2) before calling them to obey him (20:3–17). Based on this, how should we understand the role of obedience in Israel’s relationship with God? How does this parallel the role of good works in relation to the good news of Jesus?

  2. When Jesus was asked what the most important commandment is, he said, “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind. This is the great and first commandment. And a second is like it: You shall love your neighbor as yourself” (Matt. 22:37–39; see Deut. 6:5; Lev. 19:18). How are these two emphases—love for God and love for neighbor—reflected in the Ten Commandments?

  3. Read Romans 7:7-12. What is the role of the commandment in the work of God’s dealing with our sin? What is the role of the Gospel (see Rom 7:24-8:4)?

  4. Read Romans 13:8-10. How does this passage simplify the commandments? How does it intensify them?

  5. Spend some time praying through the Ten Commandments as a group. Each person pick one commandment, and respond in prayer with:

    • PRAISE for the character of God reflected in the command.

    • CONFESSION of the ways we/I fall short of this particular command and fail to reflect God’s holy nature.

    • REPENTANCE in light of the forgiveness, security and freedom of Christ.

    • THANKSGIVING for the command and Christ’s fulfillment of it.

* Some questions adapted from Exodus: A 12-Week Study by Matthew R. Newkirk, Crossway.

Robb EsperatComment